Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 thoughts. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or true. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds with various meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a character. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, that is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concept of the characters would be able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same manner as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a compounding of I and u. Like every item and fixture unfamiliar, it might lead to uncertainty and fear. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the very step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language satisfaction.
The Strategies Usually Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a groundwork amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Far east learners and uncovered interesting results could be help future learners in forming a highly effective study tactic. Her study revolves around the most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of the Chinese characters.
The study finds that among finest twenty most frequently used strategies, eight regarding are dealing with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the is found in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the mood.
7. Listening to the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned design.
The next six strategies are used to increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the new character been recently used a long time ago.
12. Finding out how to say hello in chinese very good used in conversation.
13. Making use of the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the could be used in words.
However, learning strategies come to diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at duration.
16. Saying and picturing the character in your head.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And there is only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed overall performance two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many occasions when.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four tend to be found to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of how they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement in learning retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials built learning though they do a single. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection the brand new characters to make them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study demonstrates that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way allow your this will be by using an app since The Intelligent Flashcards. This particular flashcard app is planned for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters based on chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so significantly more convenient that another app while Anki. With Anki, although user can add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing your characters are widely used in perspective. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to assist the textbook and audio recordings conversation. The time interesting to note that individuals studied in the abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many causes this. The fashion of the shows or songs may not appeal to your learners.
Access to this program is considerably less convenient. Instances if the shows could be accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled in a choice of both Chinese and English which would make the shows more employed to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Tv shows fall into the historical genre, which is really a favourite on the list of Chinese, for instance The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a great deal complex compared contemporary spoken Chinese.